Malaysia National Park
Taman Negara - Pahang
|Hot Line : 03-40248896 or 016-6375622||
|Taman Negara - Pahang|
Taman Negara National park spread out over 4343 sq. km of the formidable Titiwangsa Mountain Range, one of the world's oldest tropical rainforest. A sanctuary to hundreds of species of birds, butterflies, insects, fish and plants. Home to Malaysia 's friendly aborigines, the Orang Asli. A shy yet gentle race, they continue to live the nomadic way they've lived for centuries although fully aware of the country's fastest-paced progress.
Come discover the living treasure Mother Nature has to offer. Whether it's shooting thrilling rapids, exploring spectacular caves, tackling a 20-pound fish, scaling up Peninsular Malaysia's highest mountain, trekking through dense, tricky forest pathways or swimming in crystal clear pools, Malaysia 's National Park is a nature paradise you must experience. An adventure of a lifetime awaits you.
To experience the full glory of the tropical rainforest there is perhaps no better place on earth than Taman Negara (National Park). Legally declared an area for conservation in 1938, the 135 million year old Taman Negara is a haven for the nation's flora and fauna.
Jungle tracks, campsites and the Taman Negara Resort have all being constructed to blend with the natural surroundings, to be in harmony with the forest. Many structured have been built strictly for the observation and appreciation of the grandeur of the towering forest and its inhabitants.
Having enjoyed protection for almost 60 years a wealth of undisturbed habitats exists for the intrepid explorers to discover. You can take day or night time jungle walks or stay in a hide and maybe catch a glimpse of some of the 250 or so species of fauna that exists within the parks boundaries, from hornbills, pheasants and kingfishers monkeys, gibbons, wild boar, deer, tapir, and maybe even an elephant or tiger. Six observation points have seen set up specifically overlooking salt licks and grassy clearings for the observation of wild, often shy animals. These hides allow the visitor to spend a night away from the resort to observe the nocturnal activities of the animals of the forest. Activities within the Park are primarily nature based, taking full advantage of the many streams, rivers, caves hills and the forest itself. Enjoy a bracing swim in cool waters, a full day's trek, a boat ride and even a spot of angling should you so desire.
ACTIVITIES AND JUNGLE EXPERIENCE
Taman Negara offers visitors and travelers, especially the adventurous and curious ones, a never-ending opportunity to explore and experience Malaysia 's rich natural treasure of unspoilt verdant jungles, rivers and mountains.
When you first enter the park, you will perhaps feel awed and overwhelmed by the richness, diversity and beauty of the plants and trees species in this National Park. This is not surprising as one-third of all the world's flowering plants are found in Malaysia .
You will find that the largest plant community in Taman Negara is the lowland rainforest – where although trees are dominant, they co-exist with other plant forms like shrubs, parasites, climbers and lichens, fungi and others.
To the herbal and plant naturalists, do take your time to identify and marvel at the richness, age and sizes of the diverse plant and tree species. Tall and huge trees stand imposingly in the jungle, like lords of the low species below.
FISHING AND ANGLING FUN
Taman Negara is a favored spot for fishing for avid anglers, with the rivers and stream providing varieties of fishes. However do make sure you have obtained the necessary permit or license to fish at the selected rivers.
Kelisa, kelah, toman, patin and other species abound in the cool jungle rivers. And they are far bigger than the ordinary ones found in the markets.
Gua telinga ( Ear Cave )
This limestone cave, also known as Ear Cave , is 2.6 kilometres walk or ten minutes boat journey from HQ to the riverbank jetty, Pengkalan Gua. From the riverbank, the caves are 30 minutes walk away along well defined trail through the rainforest. A small sign indicate the entrance. There is a rope following a stream course leading through the cave although it is recommended that visitors join a guided crawl. While the length of the cave is only about 80 metres, there are a few narrow and difficult stretches, but most people should be able to pass through without too much difficulty. The cave may not be negotiable during heavy rains and the monsoon season.
The cave is home to bats, frogs, insects and Cave Racer Snakes (Elaphe taeniura). Bats are the most significant animals in the cave systems and usually the only ones that leave the cave for food. There are two species: the Roundleaf (Hipposideros larvatus) and Dusky Fruit Bat (Phentetor lucasi). Accumulations of bat guano on the cave floor are the food source for a very delicately balanced food chain. Bat serve a very important role in pollinating fruit tress and supplying nutrients to the cave ecosystem.
Canopy Walkway is the world's longest- 530 meters, strung up to 40 meters high above the forest floor. It was built by the staff of the Wildlife & National Parks Department.
The construction of the first phase of the canopy walkway which span across 231 meters was completed in 1993 and the second phase which is 200 meters long was constructed in 1995. This canopy walkway is consists of 9 bridges and 10 platforms. For safety, every inch of it is checked every morning. The ropes have a minimum snapping strength of 5 tons and the steel cables more than 10 tons. The trees are protected with wooden spacers fitted between the bark and the cables and ropes; NO NAILS have been driven into the trees. Every measure has been taken to protect the health of the trees-and the visitors.
At 334 metres above sea level, Bukit Teresek is just 1.7 km from Park HQ, with much of the journey up a steep ridge. The popular journey to the summit and back takes about two hours and offers rewarding views of the Sungai Tembeling and Gunung Tahan in the far distance. The trail is one of the most accessible from Kuala Tahan. It offers a good introduction to the highlights of the rainforest as well as the more distant views.
The initial part of the trail is the same as Canopy Walk Trail, running adjacent to the flat riverbank for about 400 meters. It then climbs steeply up onto the ridge of Bukit Teresek where there are Two View Points, one at either end of the ridge.
From the First View Point a small section of the Sungai Tembeling can be seen, and beyond are the forested hills on the other side of the river and outside the park boundary.
The Second View Point, ten minutes further on, provides a spectacular view of the high mountains in the centre of Taman Negara and the Sungai Tahan Tahan below. If the weather is clear, Gunung Tahan, to the left at 2'187 metres is the highes peak visibles.
Lubuk Simpon is the nearest swimming spot in Kuala Tahan. Located only 600 metres from HQ, takes about only 20-30 minutes by walk or less than 10 minutes by boat.
Due to its location as the entrance to Sungai Tahan, the water is cooling, fresh and tanning color. The scenery here is totally different from the main river- Sungai Tembeling. Its quiet, full of green scenery, beautiful river stone, birds and gibbon orchestra and even you can see the small fish swimming surround you.
You can identify the swimming spot based on your swimming skill or ages. For expert swimmers, you can dip in to the deeper part with dark color water. Warning! Although the the the surfaces water is calm but the under water current is strong. Make sure you really how to swim and safe yourself if swept by the water or your leg got cramp! For the non-swimmers or children, they can play or dip in the cooling shallow water along the river bank.
The Batek-Forest People of Taman Negara
While many Orang Asli people have settled in permanent communities near the park, there are still Batek people living a semi-traditional life in Taman Negara. The Batek people are one of the Negrito tribes and have similarities to people from the Andaman Islands, the Philiphines, Indonesia and New Guinea . They are true nomads and are classified by some anthropologist as pygmies due to their short stature.
There are several theories on the harmonious relationship between the Orang Asli people and their habitat. One group anthropologist suggests that the hunters and gatherers could not have occupied tropical rainforest independently without access to sedentary agricultural populations which whom they would have traded goods. This theory presupposes that rainforests are not easy environment for humans to survive in.
The survival of the Orang Asli in the rainforest was partly dependent upon using a series of limestone caves for shelter. In 1985 charcoal drawings were discovered in Gua Batu Luas in Taman Negara and attribute to the ancestors of the Batek people. While they only date from 1920, anthropologists have speculated that the traditions of cave painting amongst these people are much older. The motifs found in the cave include mountain scenery that is most likely Gunung Tahan.
Their typical camp usually comprises 10 to 30 family members living in temporary shelter made from natural vegetation,. There is slightly raised sleeping platform for protections from insects and open hearth for cooking and heat. The settlement area located near rivers and structures are not sturdy as they are only needed for a few months before the community's moves on.
Contact wit the outside is limited, although the Batek sell some forest products like rattan and wild honey, which they adept at collecting. They also collected and eat many forest fruits and plants such as durian, cempedak, mangoosten,, rambutan and petai, and may sell any excess. Many natural products are used in their daily lives.
Orang Asli communities move according to seasonal food requirements or when an area is nearly exhausted of food. It is not part of their character to destroy an area, and they move on before the resource is depleted. The forest is their "supermarket" and therefore valued and-as the home of their ancestor-respected.
The men hunt and share the spoils while the women fish and collect forest fruits and vegetables. The Orang Asli are renowned for their hunting prowess. The Batek believe animal living above the ground are clean so they hunt those living in trees such as birds, squirrels and monkeys. Originally the Orang Asli used bows and arrows but early this century they converted to blowpipes. Today, they still use 1.5metre bamboo blowpipes and poisonous darts to hunt on daily basis. Darts are dipped in the poisonous sap of the Ipoh Tree (Antaris toxicaria).
Traps and nets are occasionally used to snare small games. Meals are supplemented with fish, tortoise, jungle fruits and yams from the forest and products like rice bought from outside. Traditionally most food was cooked in bamboo, grilled or boiled although now metal pots supplement this.
Copy Right by Mountain Goal Adventure Consultant.